Different Types Of Germs
The word ‘germs’ is a standard all encompassing collective term, for all different types of germs, used to describe:
What Are Germs?
Germs are the microscopic; bacteria, viruses, fungi and protozoa that can cause disease throughout our bodies.
Often, our body immune system keeps all of these germs in check. However, when our immune systems are weakened, germs flourish.
The best way to prevent germs from attacking our bodies is to exercise a good level personal hygiene. Washing your hands properly and will help prevent the spread of germs and save us from basic illnesses.
Below is a basic overview describing the different types of germs in play that can cause us to fall ill:
Bacteria are tiny single-celled organisms. They get their life sustaining nutrients from within the environment they live.
It should be stated that, even though bacteria gets a bad ‘rap’, there is both good bacteria and bad bacteria.
Good bacteria is essential to human existence. Bad bacteria, however, needs to be kept in balance. As many will know from their teenage years, bad bacteria is one the major causes of acne.
The bacteria that are good for our bodies generally keep the digestive system in good working order. They also protect us by keeping harmful bacteria in check.
It is not uncommon for some bacteria to form part of the ‘ingredients’ that make up medicines and vaccines.
Antibiotics are used to combat and treat bacterial infections such as:
ANTIBIOTIC WARNING – There is much controversy regarding the over use of antibiotics. They are being prescribed too often for minor ailments. This over-prescription can lead to a weakened body immune system.
Viruses are a fascinating ‘creature’. They are tinier than bacteria and without a completed cellular structure. They are merely genetic material (DNA or RNA) sitting inside a protein coating.
In order for a virus to successfully reproduce, they need to do so inside the walls of a living cell. They can only survive inside of a living organism such as a human, animal, or plant.
Once outside a living organism, viruses can only live for a very short period of time. Therefore, if a virus within a bodily fluid finds itself on the side of a toilet bowl or toilet seat, it will die very quickly… unless a new host comes along, onto which it can attach itself.
Once a virus enters the body however, they explode in number and flourish within the cells of its host. This type of fast growth can make a person sick very quickly indeed.
Viruses are responsible for a lot of minor sicknesses such as; the common cold and the Flu. They are also responsible for serious diseases such as; smallpox, HIV and AIDS.
Antibiotics have no effect whatsoever on virus’s. It requires the use of strong antiviral medicines to fight virus’s.
Fungi are plant like, multi-celled organisms. They live in warm damp environments. They are prolific in their growth once they find a host.
However, in people with a compromised or weakened body immune system (HIV or Cancer) they might find that the fungal infection takes hold rapidly and finds it way into the body, effecting the internal organs.
Protozoa (phonetically pronounced: pro-toe-ZO-uh) are single-celled organisms, just like bacteria.
These type of cells are typically bigger than bacteria and contain other cell structures such as a nucleus. This makes them more like a cell of a plant or animal.
Protozoa are often spread through contaminated water. They love moisture, and once consumed, they latch onto the intestinal tract, causing infections and other diseases.
They are the primary cause of illnesses such as amebiasis and giardiasis.
Some protozoa types are parasitic, in that they need to live on or inside of, another organism to survive. This organism can be a plant or animal.
Some types of protozoa live within in cysts. This enables them live outside the hosts body and endure sometimes harsh environments for long periods of time.
The best way to fight and prevent different types of germs from attacking your bodies immune system, is to exercise a good level personal hygiene.
Washing your hands properly it just one simple way to help prevent the spread of germs and save you from germ related illness.